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The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is one of the most sought after national exam for admissions into undergraduate and post graduate law degree programs. The most significant section in CLAT is the legal aptitude section. 25% marks are allotted to this section which also happens to be the tie-breaker section in CLAT. This section tests an aspirant’s research aptitude and problem solving ability. The section carries 50 questions with a weightage of 50 marks in total. The legal aptitude section of CLAT consists of the following type of questions:
The distribution of marks for these sub-sections varies from year to year.
1) Legal Reasoning: Legal aptitude questions from the reasoning section consist of a legal principle and a set of facts. The given principle has to be applied to the facts and accordingly the most appropriate option has to be picked by the student. The legal principle questions will primarily from the law of torts, law of contract and the Indian Penal Code. Consider the following question that came in CLAT 2015:
FACT: Ramu cuts down a tree on Rinku’s ground, with the intention of dishonestly taking the tree out of Rinku’s possession without Rinku’s consent. A could not take the tree away.
2) Legal facts: This part tests the student on his knowledge of legal facts. The focus areas for these questions are legal maxims, Indian Constitution, landmark judgments, etc. Let us look at a question to have a better understanding of this question type:
2) Legal G.K: These questions test a student on his/her knowledge of both current as well as static legal G.K. The focus areas remain recent landmark judgments, amendments, law commission appointments and recommendations, Knowledge about the hierarchy of Indian judiciary, etc. Following is a question form Legal G.K. section that came in 2015 CLAT:
The level of predictability for the question types in the Legal Section of CLAT is pretty low as the last couple of years have seen a varying number of question types. For an effective preparation, it is necessary that you have prepared well the following areas of Legal Aptitude: