Legal Aptitude Preparation for AILET | HitBullsEye


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How to score well in the Legal Aptitude Section of AILET?

Tips to score well in the Legal Aptitude Section of AILET
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The All India Law Entrance Test consists of 5 sections i.e. English, General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude, Reasoning and Elementary Mathematics. AILET is essentially a speed based test as there are a total of 150 questions to be solved in a time span of 90 minutes.

The legal aptitude section carries a weight age of 35 marks and is extremely important since the aspirants have no prior exposure to this section. Hence, a strategy to score well in this section is a very important component for a good preparation. The first step in this direction would be to get an idea about the kind of questions that the legal aptitude section carries.

Question Types:
  • Principle Fact/Legal Reasoning
  • Legal Fact
  • Legal GK (static & dynamic)

However AILET 2015 Legal Section consisted of the following questions:

Question TypeNumber of Questions
Principle Fact25
Current Legal GK10

However, it should be noted here the AILET paper setters may or may not stick to this distribution scheme. AILET 2015 legal aptitude did not have a question based on the Legal GK question type. This however may not be taken as an indication of how AILET 2016 Legal Aptitude section will be. Following are the tips on how to prepare and attempt each of these question types:

Legal Reasoning:

This section aims to judge a student's legal aptitude. As a candidate, you are expected to apply a legal principle to a factual situation; hence, this section tests your logical skills rather than testing your legal knowledge. This section helps in determining a student's clarity of thought. Let us look at a question that was asked in AILET 2015:

Q)
Legal Principle: The occupier of a premise owes a duty of care to all his invitees and visitors.

Factual Situation: Lalit was running a dairy from his house. People used a part of his farm as shortcut to get to a nearby railway station. Lalit who did not approve of this, put up a notice that "Trespassers will be prosecuted." However since a number of these people were also his customers he tolerated them.

One day a person who was using this short cut was attacked by a bull belonging to the farm. The injured person filed a suit against him.

Decision:
  • Lalit is not liable in view of the clear notice against trespassers
  • Lalit is liable for having kept a bull on his farm
  • Lalit, is not liable to the people other than his customers
  • Lalit is liable because in fact he allowed the people to use his premises

An analysis of the previous year AILET papers reflects that the legal reasoning questions have been asked form the following areas:

  • Law of Contract
  • Law of Torts
  • Indian Penal Code

While attempting these questions the following pointers should be kept in mind:

  • No assumptions should be made
  • Principle is always right
  • Strict application of the principle to the given facts
  • Always pick the option that is closest to the principle

Legal Facts:

Here, direct law based questions are asked. The areas of focus for this section are preamble, fundamental rights and duties, directive principles, etc. under the Constitutional Law of India. A good knowledge of the landmark judgments and amendments will go a long way in ensuring an effective attempt. Let us look at a sample question from Legal Facts:

Q)
Which amendment of the Constitution changed the status of Right to Property from being a fundamental right to a legal right?

(a) 71st Amendment
(b) 42nd Amendment
(c) 53rd Amendment
(d) 44th Amendment

To attempt these questions with a good accuracy, make a list of the following:

  • Important Fundamental rights and other articles under the Indian Constitution
  • Important amendments
  • Landmark Judgments
  • Recommendations & Chairpersons of law commissions.

Legal G.K:

To attempt questions on legal G.K. with a good accuracy you must read a newspaper regularly and remain updated about recent judgments, new laws, etc. This will also be beneficial for the General Knowledge section which carries 35 marks. Let us look at the following question that was asked in AILET 2015:

Q.
Which of the following recently became the 123rd state party to the International Criminal Court?

(a) Israel
(b) Palestine
(c) Jordan
(d) Bangladesh

While attempting these questions the following pointers maybe kept in mind:

  • Identify one newspaper for regular reading
  • Identify the relevant news columns which require a complete reading

Time Management For The Legal Aptitude Section:
  • Total time allocation to the section: 20 to 25 mins
  • Direct questions: 20 to 30 seconds
  • Reasoning questions: 40 seconds to a maximum of 1 minute
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